Stephan Lewandowsky

University of Bristol
United Kingdom

Stephan Lewandowsky is a cognitive scientist at the University of Bristol. His research explores these major streams:
(1) People’s responses to misinformation and propaganda, and how corrections affect our memory.
(2) Why people reject well-established scientific facts, such as climate change or the effectiveness of vaccinations.
(3) The potential conflict between human cognition and the physics of global climate change, which has led him into collaborative research in climate science and climate modeling.

Stephan holds an honorary position as a Visiting Scientist at the CSIRO Oceans, Atmosphere laboratory in Hobart, Tasmania.


Stephan Lewandowksy & John Cook. 2020. “The Conspiracy Theory Handbook,”

George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication (2020).

Stephan Lewandowsky. 2020. “The ‘post-truth’ world, misinformation, and information literacy: A perspective from cognitive science.” In Informed societies‒why information literacy matters for citizenship, participation and democracy

pp. 69-87, London, UK: Facet Publishing (January 2020).

Stephan Lewandowsky. 2018. “In whose hands the future?” In Conspiracy theories and the people who believe them,

pp. 149-177, Oxford: Oxford University Press (December 2018).

Joseph E. Uscinski, Karen Douglas, & Stephan Lewandowsky. 2017. “Climate Change Conspiracy Theories,”

Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science (September 2017).

John Cook, Ullrich K. H. Ecker, & Stephan Lewandowsky. 2015. “Misinformation and its correction.” In Emerging trends in the social and behavioral sciences,

Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons (January 2015).

Media Coverage

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed by Sophia Ignatidou. Interview with Stephan Lewandowsky, cognitive scientist at the University of Bristol,” European Science Media Hub, June 19, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed by Tory Shepherd on conspiracy theory psychology. “‘It’s psychologically easier’: how anti-vaxxers capitalised on coronavirus fears to spread misinformation,” The Guardian, June 6, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted by Brit Dawson. How to spot misinformation amid the Black Lives Matter protests,” Dazed, June 2, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowksy quoted by Bouchra Ouatik in Oui, il y a eu de véritables complots,” Radio-Canada, May 30, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted by Derek Beres in The thin line between conspiracy theories and cult worship is dissolving,” Big Think, May 18, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky interviewed on conspiracy theories by Marshall Allen. ‘Immune to Evidence’: How Dangerous Coronavirus Conspiracies Spread,” ProPublica, May 17, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowsky quoted by Shannon Osaka in “‘Misinformation kills’: The link between coronavirus conspiracies and climate denial,” Grist, March 28, 2020.

Stephan Lewandowksy quoted by Jeremy Deaton in Coronavirus shows how to fight disinformation about climate change,” Fastcompany, March 26, 2020.